Turning Trash into Treasure
A city flooded with litter is great news for the creatives. Artists should look for waste materials in their immediate surroundings, take advantage of the built-in shapes, colours and textures of ordinary rubbish, and treat the piles of litter as a main source of inspiration.
These were some of the messages delivered by some of Uganda’s finest artists at the first TEDx-conference hosted in Kampala.
By Thomas Bjørnskau
Visual artist Collin Sekajugo, whose art makes sure everyday objects like plastic jerry cans get an afterlife, kicked off the conference. Sekajugo is an artist with a social commitment, with the establishment of the art facilities Ivuka Arts Kigali and Weaver Bird Arts Community in Masaka on his track record.
He said he is astonished by the wide spread of especially plastics in today’s society, fascinated by how plastics these days is used for almost everything and how people cannot seem to live without it. But he is not accepting that objects like colourful jerry cans end up in the dump. His art collages made up of squares of old cans glued together with heavy oil marks around the seams is his present contribution to turning trash into treasure.
This quote was reinforced by William Epeju, the acting Dean of Kyambogo University, on which premises this independent TED-conference was held. Epeju further stressed that artists need to have endurance, to systematically work with innovation, and they need to understand that art is a powerful communication tool.
TED stands for Technology Entertainment Design and is a set of conferences held annually from 1990 in California to disseminate ”ideas worth spreading”. Today, TED is a worldwide phenomena. The 1050 free online talks offered through ted.com has been viewed half a billion times, greatly owing to a formal requirement that the speakers are given maximum 18 minutes to present their ideas in the most innovative and engaging ways they can. A formidable source for anyone who wants to learn about the future implications of the current zeitgeist.
TED grants licences to third parties to hold free TEDx events in cities around the world. It was the Ugandan Eco-artist Bruno Ruganzu who used this option to gather the speakers and invite students from the Kyambogo University – where he works – to a Kampala-first TEDx, themed ”Creative Recycling in ART”. In the spirit of TED’s mission, around 80 students and art professionals turned up to listen to the inspiring talks from art entrepreneurs Ronex Ahimbisibwe, Sanaa Gateja and Muturi Kimani in addition to the named Sekajugo and Epeju.
Ronex used the occasion to refine the term ’creative recycling’ to the more apt term of upcycling. The artist, celebrating his 10-year anniversary as a visual artist, felt upcycling is a better suited description, which also supports his fundamental belief in ”always look for new things to express yourself as an artist”.
He pointed out that waste material from scrap metal, wood, and paper etcetera is one of his main sources of inspiration. ”I use the shapes and the textures of the waste to get new ideas. I prefer mixing the materials together, combining scrap metal with fibreglass, with barkcloth, with anything that excites me. I always experiment and ask myself: What if I did this?” Ronex’ explained that his goal with these continuous tasks is to change for instance scrap into something that no longer looks like scrap.
On the simple question of where to find all these materials, Ronex said there were no need to go very far. Most of the objects he puts into his art can be found in his neighbourhood. ”It is just a matter of identifying the things around me.”
Fall in love with things around us
Sanaa Gateja, a long-time artist and the originator of the Ugandan paper bead industry, seconded Ronex on not having to go far for materials. ”Our attitude towards our surroundings needs to change. We must look at it another way, tap into it and fall in love with (the things around us).”
Gateja also rejected the terms ’reuse’ and ’recycle’: ”To reuse something is all well and fine, but when it comes to art, you need to recreate the new.” Gateja spoke heartily about his first exposure to art; remembering his aunt’s beautiful necklaces as a child, meeting the people that produced traditional pottery for the first time, going to the markets of Kampala in his youth and being fascinated by the sight of shells and other exquisite objects.
His clear message to the younger generation in the audience was that ”recycling is intrinsically in all artists. You need to be more open, tap into traditonal objects, your childhood and your strong memories.”
Gateja further spoke about the business part of art. As a person who has worked for many years as a social entrepreneur, he has first-hand experience with both successes and failures. There are many players in the field who want to take advantage of the creative minds. ”By all means; do a business course. (As a sculptor and a jeweller) you create units, you put them together, and finally you have a piece of art. You need to calculate how much each unit costs and put these costs together.”
It may seem obvious, but for the artist in the making it may be tempting to dream about the proceeds and forget about the cost factors. On the other hand, the underlying message from the five key speakers was that waste material potentially can bring the cost of material down to zero.
The last speaker, Kimani, also addressed the issue of artists teaming up with the business professionals. His company, Afri Banana Products, is centered around the idea of using banana fibre as a main ingredients in products like handtowels, bags, scarfs etcetera. He called on creative young artists with ideas and prototypes and offered their services as incubators, which includes to help artists develop these ideas into commercial products, and to look for funding and partners.
Bruno Ruganzu deserves credit for stimulating to an important dialogue amongst Uganda’s art innovators in the spirit of TED’s mission.
This article has also been published in The Independent.
Thomas Bjørnskau is the Editor of startjournal.org.